Cyclamen graecum subsp. graecum Link, 1835
Common names: Greek cyclamen or Greek Sowbread [En], Cyclamen de Grèce [FR], Κυκλάμινο το ελληνικό [Gr], Yunan Tavşan Kulağı [Tu]
Triovasalos, MILOS ● Greece
Description: Perennial growing from a corky tuber, with thick, strong, fleshy anchor roots sprouting from the center of the bottom.
Leaves are heart-shaped and toothed.
Flowers bloom in autumn and have 5 petals, white or pink with a darker blotch at the nose. They are often fragrant. The bases of the petals are curled outwards into auricles, like Cyclamen hederifolium.
Cyclamen graecum has three subspecies, distinguished by flower characteristics:
• Cyclamen graecum subsp. graecum — pink flowers with a darker blotch at the nose (Greece, Aegean islands, Crete)
• Cyclamen graecum subsp. graecum f. album — all-white flowers (Peloponnese, Rhodopou Peninsula of Crete)Péloponnèse et Crète, fleurs blanches sans tache basale.
• Cyclamen graecum subsp. anatolicum Ietsw — more slender flowers with a smaller blotch and slight auricles (southern Turkey, Rhodes, northern Cyprus)
• Cyclamen graecum subsp. mindleri Hildebr. — white or pale pink flowers with more pronounced auricles (western Crete)
Biology: After pollination, the flower stem coils both directions, starting from the center, not from the top as in Cyclamen hederifolium.
Habitat: wide variety of areas up to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) elevation.
Distribution: Cyclamen graecum is native to a in southern mainland Greece, the Peloponnese, Aegean Islands, Crete, the southern coast of Turkey, and northern Cyprus.
Wikipedia, Cyclamen graecum