Hipparchia syriaca Staudinger, 1871
Common names: Eastern Rock Grayling, Syrian Tree-Grayling, Syrian Rock Grayling, [En], Sylvandre dalmate [Fr], Ανατολικήιππάρχια [Gr], Büyük Karamelek [Tr]
Kallithea, SAMOS ● Greece
Description: Broad irregular whitish postmedian band on underside of forewing. Gray and brown hindwing has fine striations and a whitish irregular postmedian band of varying width, obvious on mal.
Biology: This species is frequently seeks shade by resting communally on trunks of trees or walls. It flight from June to October depending the location.
Habitat: This species lives on rocky slopes on the edges of foothill and mountain forests up to 2,000 m.
Distribution: S. Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, Near East, Caucasus and Transcaucasia.
Baytaş A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayınları, Istanbul.
Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories1997. Volume 1. Pensoft, Sofia - Moscow. in Russian insects.com