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Moraea sisyrinchium Ker-Gawl., 1805

Moraea sisyrinchium-Lefkos-Karpathos1.jpg <b><i>Moraea sisyrinchium</b></i> Ker-Gawl., 1805||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/05/20120505101806-2ca82028-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Ophrys omegaifera</b></i> H. Fleischmann, 1925||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/04/20120504213222-0fbff6de-th.jpg><b><i>Moraea sisyrinchium</b></i> Ker-Gawl., 1805||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/05/20120505101806-2ca82028-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Ophrys omegaifera</b></i> H. Fleischmann, 1925||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/04/20120504213222-0fbff6de-th.jpg><b><i>Moraea sisyrinchium</b></i> Ker-Gawl., 1805||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/05/20120505101806-2ca82028-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Ophrys omegaifera</b></i> H. Fleischmann, 1925||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/04/20120504213222-0fbff6de-th.jpg><b><i>Moraea sisyrinchium</b></i> Ker-Gawl., 1805||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/05/20120505101806-2ca82028-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Ophrys omegaifera</b></i> H. Fleischmann, 1925||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2012/05/04/20120504213222-0fbff6de-th.jpg>

Moraea sisyrinchium Ker-Gawl., 1805
Syn. : Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl.
Common names: Barbary Nut Iris [En], Iris faux-sisyrinque [Fr], Mittags-Schwertlilie [De], Giaggiolo dei poveretti [It], Γυνανδρίριδα [Gr], Yumrulu Süsen [Tu]

Lefkos, KARPATHOS ● Greece

Description: Corm 1-3 cm in diameter, ovoid to globose, outer tunic brown, fibrous, reticulate, elongating into a neck. Aerial stem 5-35 (-60) cm. Leaves 2, with sheathing tubular basal portion enclosing the stem, lamina linear, 10-38 cm long, 5-8 (-10) mm broad. Aerial stem 6-40 (-60) cm tall, with a terminal and 1-2 lateral, 2-4-flowered inflorescences. Bracts scarious, 35-70 mm, inner shorter or equally long. Perianth (perigone) violet blue, white near base of blade of outer segments somewhat spotted; tube absent. Outer segments 2.5-3.5 cm long, claw narrow; inner segments erect, slightly shorter and narrower. Filaments 4-14 mm long, anther 6-10 mm. Pedicel c. 5 mm. Beak of ovary c. 2 cm long; style c. 5 mm long, split into tepaloid 1.5-2.5 cm erect branches; stigma bilobed. Capsule 1.5-4 cm long. Seeds 1.5-3 mm, subellipsoid, somewhat compressed, black-brown.

Biology: Flowers don't open unless the day is warm and often not until late afternoon.

Habitat: phrygana, dry slopes, fields, waste places, fields edges. Up to 850 m.

Distribution: Throughout Mediterranean regions from Portugal and N. Africa eastwards through Europe, Libya, Egypt to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Russian Central Asia and Pakistan.

References:
Flora of Pakistan
Pacific Bulb Society
Blamey M., Grey-Wilson Ch., 2005. Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, Domino Guides, London.




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