Moraea sisyrinchium Ker-Gawl., 1805
Syn. : Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl.
Common names: Barbary Nut Iris [En], Iris faux-sisyrinque [Fr], Mittags-Schwertlilie [De], Giaggiolo dei poveretti [It], Γυνανδρίριδα [Gr], Yumrulu Süsen [Tu]
Lefkos, KARPATHOS ● Greece
Description: Corm 1-3 cm in diameter, ovoid to globose, outer tunic brown, fibrous, reticulate, elongating into a neck. Aerial stem 5-35 (-60) cm. Leaves 2, with sheathing tubular basal portion enclosing the stem, lamina linear, 10-38 cm long, 5-8 (-10) mm broad. Aerial stem 6-40 (-60) cm tall, with a terminal and 1-2 lateral, 2-4-flowered inflorescences. Bracts scarious, 35-70 mm, inner shorter or equally long. Perianth (perigone) violet blue, white near base of blade of outer segments somewhat spotted; tube absent. Outer segments 2.5-3.5 cm long, claw narrow; inner segments erect, slightly shorter and narrower. Filaments 4-14 mm long, anther 6-10 mm. Pedicel c. 5 mm. Beak of ovary c. 2 cm long; style c. 5 mm long, split into tepaloid 1.5-2.5 cm erect branches; stigma bilobed. Capsule 1.5-4 cm long. Seeds 1.5-3 mm, subellipsoid, somewhat compressed, black-brown.
Biology: Flowers don't open unless the day is warm and often not until late afternoon.
Habitat: phrygana, dry slopes, fields, waste places, fields edges. Up to 850 m.
Distribution: Throughout Mediterranean regions from Portugal and N. Africa eastwards through Europe, Libya, Egypt to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Russian Central Asia and Pakistan.
Flora of Pakistan
Pacific Bulb Society
Blamey M., Grey-Wilson Ch., 2005. Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, Domino Guides, London.