Ophrys ferrum-equinum var minor Biel, 2001
Group : O. mammosa
Common names : Horseshoe Ophrys [En], Ophrys fer à cheval [Fr], Hufeisen-Ragwurz [De], Οφρύς πέταλο αλόγου [Gr]
Arkasa, KARPATHOS ● Greece
Description: Short plant, 10-30 cm, with 3-8 flowers. Variable species. Dark, purplish-black, mostly hairless labellum, not trilobed. Shiny blue or blue-grey speculum, horsehoe-shaped or drops-shaped. This species is recognized by the spread out lip with grey-violet marginal hair in the shoulders and speculum which is not surrounded by white line and is not reaching the lip base (which is the case for Ophrys spruneri).
The variety minor has small, rounded lips, not more than 10.5 mm in length.
Biology: Flowering from mid-March to mid-May. Pollinator : Chalicodoma parietina.
Habitat: Alkaline soils, shady to sunlit locations, phrygana, fields, maquis.
Distribution: From Albania to south-western and southern Turkey. Wide distribution in continental Greece and islands, except Kefallonia where it is replaced by Ophrys gottfriediana, while in eastern Aegean island a close species, Ophrys labiosa exists. Absent from Crete.
Antonopoulos Z., 2009. The bee Orchids of Greece. The genus Ophrys. Mediterraneao Editions. [link to the Editor]