Podarcis muralis albanica Bolkay, 1919 ♀
Common Names: Common Wall Lizard [En], Lézard des murailles [Fr], Muurhagedis [Nl], Lucertola muraiola [It], Τοιχόσαυρα, Αλβανική γουστέρα [Gr], Duvar Kertenkelesi [Tu]
Elassona, LARISSA ● Greece
IUCN Status: Least Concern (LC)
Description: The common wall lizard is a small, thin lizard whose small scales are highly variable in colour and pattern. Its coloration is generally brownish or greyish, and may occasionally be tinged with green. In some individuals the row of spots along their back may form a line, while others may have a reticulated pattern with dark spots on the side and scattered white spots that can be blue in the shoulder region. The tail is brown, grey or rust in colour, and may also have light bars on the sides. The belly region has 6 rows of larger rectangular scales that are generally reddish, pink, or orangish. Common wall lizards may also have dark markings on the throat.
They are robust and have a long yet narrow pointed head, their limbs are long and sometimes quite slender, their tail is quite long, sometimes up to twice the size of the body.
They vary quite a bit in pattern, from brownish-greens to browns with spots and blotches of all sorts. Males are more marked then females who are often uniform with maybe a line running down the back.
The susbspecies P. m. albanica has lines in his coloration, even the males. It can reach 7.5 cm, without the tail which is about the double of the size of the body.
Biology: The Common wall lizards feed on insects of all sorts, they are entirety insectivores.
Breeding occurs when they wake up from hibernation in spring. They usually lay between 2 to 10 eggs laid in rock cracks, under stones, they develop for around 6 to 11 weeks. The eggs usually hatch out in July. Females may lay up to 3 clutches of eggs but only 1 in altitude.
The average life span for Podarcis muralis is about 7 years. They reach their sexual maturity in their second year.
They are active by day. They are often seen in family groups sun bathing on a garden wall, they are cautious lizards, hiding when they feel that you're getting too close, but at the same time they are fearless as they will reappear even if you are in eyes range of them. It appears that in a family group the there is a larger dominant male who seems to keep everything in order and often runs after the smaller juveniles.
Habitat: The common wall lizard prefers rocky environments, including urban settings where it can scurry between rock, rubble, debris and buildings. It can reach the altitude of 2800 m.
Distribution: The subspecies P. m. albanica is distributed in South ex-Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece (East Macedonia, Thrace, Samothrace).
Herpetofauna of Greece
Wikipedia, Wall lizard
IUCN Red List
Reptiles et amphibiens de France