Crataegus azarolus Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Azarole, Mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar [En], Azérolier, Azarolier, Épine d'Espagne [Fr], Azarooldoorn [Nl], Azaroldorn [De], Azzeruolo [It], Acerolo [Es], Κράταιγος ο αζαρόλος [Gr], Aliç yapraği [Tu]
IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)
Carcassonne, AUDE ● France
Description: Deciduous tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in) at a medium rate.
C. azarolus is often divided into subspecies or varieties:
• C. a. var. azarolus – orange fruit
• C. a. var. aronia L. – yellowish fruit often with some red tinges
• C. a. var. chlorocarpa (Moris) K.I.Chr. – yellowish fruit
• C. a. var. pontica (K.Koch) K.I.Chr. – yellowish or orange fruit
Habitat: Dry hillsides and mountains in woods and hedges.
Distribution: Native to the Mediterranean Basin, from Southern Europe to Western Asia.
Uses: Fruit are edible raw or cooked. The fruit can be used fresh or dried for later use. The fruits and flowers have a hypotensive effect as well as acting as a direct and mild heart tonic. They are especially indicated in the treatment of weak heart combined with high blood pressure.
Wikipedia, Crataegus azarolus
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