Synanthedon tipuliformis Clerck, 1759
Common names: Currant Clearwing [En], Sésie du groseillier [Fr], Bessenglasvlinder [Nl], Johannisbeer-Glasflügler [De]
Grammos Mount, KASTORIA ● Greece
Description: The wingspan is 17–20 millimetres (0.67–0.79 in).
Biology: Currant Clearwing is considered the key pest on Ribes crops. The larvae feed on Ribes species, including Ribes nigrum (Black Currants), Ribes rubrum (Red Currants and Ribes uva-crispa (Gooseberries).
The moth emerges from April to July depending on the location. There is one generation per year. Egg laying starts 10-15 days after emergence.
Females lay eggs (35-50/female) on buds, stumps or bark wounds; two weeks later the larvae bore into the cane, where they feed and complete their development until the following spring. Larvae complete their development in a tunnel within the pith for the escape of adult moths. Pupation takes place within a loose silken cocoon in the cane near the ‘exit window’.
Distribution: It is endemic to the Palearctic ecozone, but is an invasive species in the Nearctic ecozone and the Australasia ecozone.
Grassi A., Zini M. & Forno F., 2002. Mating disruption field trials to control the currant clearwing moth, Synanthedon tipuliformis Clerck: a three-year study, Use of pheromones and other semiochemicals in integrated production, IOBC wprs Bulletin Vol. 25.
Wikipedia, Synanthedon tipuliformis