Dianthus viscidus Bory & Chaub., 1832
Kallipefki, LARISSA ● Greece
Description: Short-lived perennial with few to several, procumbent to erect stems, 10-25 cm long. The basal leaves are linear, usually 3-veined, more or less glandular-pubescent, withering by anthesis. The lower part of the stem is usually shortly glandular pubescent. The cauline leaves are shorter than internodes, linear, acute. The sheaths are 1-2 times as long as diameter of the stem.
The flowers are disposed in fairly dense clusters of 2-7. The epicalyx scales are usually 4, ovate-oblong, straw-coloured and often with a purple tinge, glabrous or puberulent, contracting abruptly into an arista which is somewhat shorter than the wide part of the scale and usually reaches the base of the calyx teeth. The calyx is 10-18 mm long, tapering slightly from the base, pale green or tinged with purple, glabrous, puberulent or sometimes glandular-puberulent. The petal limb is 6-9 mm long, obovate, irregularly toothed in front, sparsely bearded, pink or pinkish-purple, usually with small, whitish dots. The capsule is shorter than the calyx. The seeds are ovate, apiculate, and minutely reticulate.
The related D. diffusus Sibth & Sm, differs in the solitary or paired flowers, with a relatively long calyx and short epicalyx scales.
Biology: Flowering from the end of May to August.
Habitat: Variety of open habitats and on different substrates, generally between 400 and 1500 m, occasionally up to 1900 m.
Distribution: South part of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece (Central Greece, Epirus, Attica, Ionian Islands, Macedonia, Peloponnesus, Thessaly), Albania, South of former Yugoslavia, reaching North Western Turkey (Edirne).
Strid A., 1986. Mountain Flora of Greece, Volume 1, Part One, p.191-193, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-13837-6.