Ophrys bombylifora Link, 1800
Common names: Bumblebee orchid [En], Ophrys bombyx [Fr], Drohnen-Ragwurz [De], Ofride fior di bombo [It], Orquídea abejorro [Es], Αρκουδάκι [Gr]
IUCN Status: VU (Vulnerable)
Sarakiniko, MILOS ● Greece
Description: Plant of 10-30 cm high, robust, with 1 to 5 little flowers. The sepals are bright green, ovals. The sepals are hairy, triangular, yellowish green, darker at the base, tinted of brown or purplish grey. The labellum is oval-roundish, brown tinted of green to dark blue, trilobed at the base, with lateral lobes forming 2 conic gibbosities. The median lobe is globulous, with a discrete brownish, greyish or purplish macula.
Biology: Flowering from February to May.
Pollinator: Eucera orianensis, E. nigrescens subsp. continentis, E. gracilipes, E. vulpes et E. algida.
As with other species of Ophrys, the flowers mimic the females in appearance and scent. Earlier-emerging males attempt to mate with the flowers (“pseudocopulation”), collecting pollinia in the process which they transfer to other flowers of the same species.
Habitat: Lawns and meadows, garrigue, shrubs, light woods, on alcaline soils. Up to 900 m.
Distribution: Mediterranean region from Portugal and the Canary Islands to Turkey and Lebanon.
Wikipedia, Ophrys bombyliflora
Delforge P., 2005. Guide des Orchidées d’Europe, d’Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, Les guides du naturalistes, Delachaux et Niestlé.