Bellardia trixago (L.) All., 1785
Common names: Mediterranean linseed [En], Bellardie multicolore [Fr], Bunte Bellardie [De], Αγριόλυκος [Gr], Karaballıbaba [Tu]
Halki, NAXOS● Greece
Taxonomy: The genus was formerly included as a member of the Scrophulariaceae, in the traditional sense a family consisting of about 275 genera and 5000 species.
It is now placed in the Orobanchaceae, which includes the hemiparasitic genera (e.g., Orobanche, Castilleja, Pedicularis, Seymeria, and others; see Olmstead 2002 for a summary of the dismemberment of the Scrophulariaceae into at least seven families).
Description: This is an erect plant of 30-50 cm tall, pubescent with stiff hairs. The leaves are opposite above, sessile, linear to lanceolate, 0.6- 3.6 in (1.5-9 cm) long, with coarsely dentate to crenate margins, with the upper half of the stem being occupied with a stout inflorescence which narrows to a point. The inflorescence has rows of leaflike bracts, between which emerge showy purple and white lipped, hooded flowers, each over two centimetres wide. The fruit is a smooth, green capsule.
Biology: Bellardia trixago is a hemi-parasitic plant that connects its shallow roots to those of host plants. The plants rely on these host plants to obtain necessary nutrients for survival, but is capable of photosynthesis.
Habitat: Phrygana, woodlands and shrublands, semi-steppe.
Distribution: This plant is native to the Mediterranean Basin, from Portugal and Morocco east to Turkey, Syria, and Jordan (excluding Egypt but including Mediterranean islands and Madeira and the Azores of the Atlantic Ocean). The species has been introduced to Argentina and Chile, Australia, the Canary Islands, and the USA.
Wikipedia, Bellardia trixago
Singhurst J.R., Mink J.N., and Holmes W.C., 2012. Bellardia trixago (Orobanchaceae): 40 years of range expansion in Texas and a first report from Louisiana. Phytoneuron 2012-4: 1–4. Published 1 January 2012. ISSN 2153 733X
Flowers in Israel
California Invasive Plant Council