Anacamptis syriaca (E.G.Camus) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase, 1997
Syn.: Orchis morio subsp. syriaca E.G.Camus, 1908
Common names: Syrian Orchid [En], Syrisches Knabenkraut [De], Suriye Orkisi, Soytarı Orkisi [Tu]
Akamas (Ακάμας), PAPHOS (Πάφος, Baf) ● Cyprus
Description: Small plant, growing to about 10 to 25 cm. 5 to 9 narrow basal leaves in rosette. Stem erect, which is often purple tinged near the top. Numerous flowers usually in two contrasting colours, often green veined purple sepals with an off-white labellum. The uppermost flowers opening last. The bracts are purple. The lilac to purple sepals are strongly green-veined as with the close species A. morio. The flowers are usually whitish with pink helmet green-veined, but the color variability of this taxon is quite high, so you can meet pure white to dark purple flowers. The dorsal sepal forms a loose hood with the petals and the laterals spread wide. The labellum is usually quite sometimes purplish at the sides, which turn back. There is a deep groove at the base of the labellum which extends back into a thin purple arched spur. The spur is cylindrical, slightly pointing upwards.
The fruit is a capsule.
This subspecies is characterised by the missing ornamental design of the lip which is only vaguely divided.
Biology: Flowering from February to April.
Habitat: Dry grassland, garrigue, olive groves, open woodlands, bushy hillsides meadows and pastures on limestone. Up to 1300 m.
Distribution: The close species Anacamptis morio occurs in large parts of Europe, except for the extreme North and the South-Eastern parts where different subspecies occur. This species can be found in the Asian part of the Mediterranean – Cyprus, Southern Turkey to the coastal regions of Syria, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine.
Hubbard J. & Scraton P., 2001The Orchids of Cyprus and where to find them.