Ophrys levantina Gölz & H.R. Reinhard, 1985
Group : O. bornmuelleri
Common names: Levant Ophrys [En], Ophrys de Levantine [Fr], Levantinische Ragwurz [De], Büyük Çiçekli Ofris [Tu]
Kouklia (Κούκλια, Kukla), PAPHOS (Πάφος, Baf) ● Cyprus
Description: Often robust plant, 10-25 cm height, bearing 3-6 flowers. The sepals are whitish green, white or pinkish, often greenish tinted on the apex and pinkish on the base, ovate, 11-14.4 x 5-5.9 mm. The petals are hairy, erect, largely triangular, 2.3 X 3.5 mm, with same color than the sepals.
As with most members of the O. bornmuelleri group this species has a complete ring of marginal hair which is as long on the shoulders as on the lower half of the lip.
The speculum is reduced and not complex, often two adjacent diamond-shaped, a character which can help to differentiate to similar species, as O. bormuelleri.
Biology: O. levantina appears from February to Mid-April, about 2 weeks before O. bormuelleri.
Habitat: Generally semi-shade, open woodland, meadows, shrubs, phrygana.
Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean, from Anatolia to Israel, including Cyprus.
Delforge P., 2005. Guide des Orchidées d’Europe, d’Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, Les guides du naturalistes, Delachaux et Niestlé.
John and Gerry's - Orchids of Britain and Europe