Lanius collurio Linnaeus, 1758 ♂
Common names: Red-backed Shrike [En], Pie-grièche écorcheur [Fr], Grauwe Klauwier [Nl], Neuntöter [De], Averla piccolo [It], Alcaudón dorsirrojo [Es], Αετομάχος [Gr], Kızıl sırtlı örümcek kuşu [Tu]
IUCN Status: LC (Least Concern)
Uric, HUNEDOARA ● Romania
Description: Male and female are approximatively 16–18 cm long. The general colour of the male’s upper parts is reddish. It has a grey head and a typical shrike black stripe through the eye. Underparts are tinged pink, and the tail has a black and white pattern similar to that of a wheatear.
In the female and young birds the upperparts are brown and vermiculated. Underparts are buff and also vermiculated.
Biology: It eats large insects, small birds, frogs, rodents and lizards. Like other shrikes it hunts from prominent perches, and impales corpses on thorns or barbed wire as a “larder.” This practice has earned it the nickname of “butcher bird.”
The cup-like nest is built from plant stems, roots and grass, is lined with moss and hair and is located low down in dense thorny bushes. Eggs are laid between the end of May and late July; only one clutch consisting of three to six eggs is produced each year.
Habitat: Open and dry areas, with bushes, clearing, parks, gardens.
Distribution: The red-backed shrike breeds throughout most of Europe except for most of the northern areas, central and southern Iberia and many Mediterranean islands. It migrates via south-east Europe to tropical and southern Africa and north-west India for the winter.
Wikipedia, Red-backed shrike
Arkive.org, Red-backed shrike