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Linaria pyramidata (Lam.) Spreng., 1825

Linaria pyramidata-Palandöken-Erzurum1.JPG <b><i>Linaria pyramidata</b></i> (Lam.) Spreng., 1825||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/08/20170808191509-71d0500e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Turanana endymion endymion</b></i> Freyer, 1850 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/07/20170807104937-db5f1491-th.jpg><b><i>Linaria pyramidata</b></i> (Lam.) Spreng., 1825||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/08/20170808191509-71d0500e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Turanana endymion endymion</b></i> Freyer, 1850 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/07/20170807104937-db5f1491-th.jpg><b><i>Linaria pyramidata</b></i> (Lam.) Spreng., 1825||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/08/20170808191509-71d0500e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Turanana endymion endymion</b></i> Freyer, 1850 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/07/20170807104937-db5f1491-th.jpg><b><i>Linaria pyramidata</b></i> (Lam.) Spreng., 1825||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/08/20170808191509-71d0500e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Turanana endymion endymion</b></i> Freyer, 1850 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/07/20170807104937-db5f1491-th.jpg><b><i>Linaria pyramidata</b></i> (Lam.) Spreng., 1825||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/08/20170808191509-71d0500e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Turanana endymion endymion</b></i> Freyer, 1850 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/07/20170807104937-db5f1491-th.jpg><b><i>Linaria pyramidata</b></i> (Lam.) Spreng., 1825||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/08/20170808191509-71d0500e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Turanana endymion endymion</b></i> Freyer, 1850 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2017/08/07/20170807104937-db5f1491-th.jpg>

Linaria pyramidata (Lam.) Spreng., 1825
Common names: Hoş nevruzotu [Tu]

Palandöken, ERZURUM ● Turkey

Description: Perennial herb of 40–80 cm. The stems are stout, usually simple, densely foliose.
The median leaves are semiamplexicaulous, glaucous, ovate or oblong–lanceolate, acute, 45-80 x 10-20 mm. The basal leaves are obtuse to sub-amplexicaulous, with apex acute, 3-5-nerved.
The inflorescence is dense, pyramidate–spiciform, 5-20 cm, large-flowered.
The flowers are very large, bright yellow. The bracts are lanceolate to ovate, ciliate, exceeding stout 1-2 mm pedicels. The calyx lobes are broadly ovate-oblong, 7-8x4-5 mm, obtuse, not membranous margined, shortly and densely glandular-villous (hairs multicellular). The corolla is bright yellow, ascending-erect, 18-24 mm, bilabiate to 1/2-2/3, with the upper lip arched over palate. The spur is 10-13 mm, in line with corolla tube, acute.
The capsule is 6-8 mm, subequal to calyx. The seeds are winged, 1.5-2 mm, disc tuberculate.

Biology: Flowering from June to July, fruiting from July to August.

Habitat: Grows from middle to sub–alpine belt, at the altitude of 1500–2500 meters above sea level, between volcanic rocks and on screes, among sub–alpine tall grasses.

Distribution: Eastern Anatolia (Turkey), Armenia, North–West Iran, Turkmenistan (Kopet Dagh mountain range). Iran-Turan element. In Armenia it grows only on Arayiler Mountain, where it is critically endangered, due to strong anthropogenic pressure.

References:
The Flora of Van Lake Basin
Gabrielyan E.Ts., 1987. Red Data Book of Armenia SSR, 1989.



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Sunday 23 July 2017
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