Linaria pyramidata (Lam.) Spreng., 1825
Common names: Hoş nevruzotu [Tu]
Palandöken, ERZURUM ● Turkey
Description: Perennial herb of 40–80 cm. The stems are stout, usually simple, densely foliose.
The median leaves are semiamplexicaulous, glaucous, ovate or oblong–lanceolate, acute, 45-80 x 10-20 mm. The basal leaves are obtuse to sub-amplexicaulous, with apex acute, 3-5-nerved.
The inflorescence is dense, pyramidate–spiciform, 5-20 cm, large-flowered.
The flowers are very large, bright yellow. The bracts are lanceolate to ovate, ciliate, exceeding stout 1-2 mm pedicels. The calyx lobes are broadly ovate-oblong, 7-8x4-5 mm, obtuse, not membranous margined, shortly and densely glandular-villous (hairs multicellular). The corolla is bright yellow, ascending-erect, 18-24 mm, bilabiate to 1/2-2/3, with the upper lip arched over palate. The spur is 10-13 mm, in line with corolla tube, acute.
The capsule is 6-8 mm, subequal to calyx. The seeds are winged, 1.5-2 mm, disc tuberculate.
Biology: Flowering from June to July, fruiting from July to August.
Habitat: Grows from middle to sub–alpine belt, at the altitude of 1500–2500 meters above sea level, between volcanic rocks and on screes, among sub–alpine tall grasses.
Distribution: Eastern Anatolia (Turkey), Armenia, North–West Iran, Turkmenistan (Kopet Dagh mountain range). Iran-Turan element. In Armenia it grows only on Arayiler Mountain, where it is critically endangered, due to strong anthropogenic pressure.
The Flora of Van Lake Basin
Gabrielyan E.Ts., 1987. Red Data Book of Armenia SSR, 1989.