Kerkini, SERRES ● Greece
Description: Lake Kerkini [Λίμνη Κερκίνη], is an artificial reservoir that was created in 1932, on the site of what was previously an extremely extensive marshland. A dam was constructed near the village of Lithotopos. Before 1932, there were irregular marsh lakes on Strymon, one of them called “Podkova” [Ottoman Turkish: Podkova Gölü] became the mother of Lake Kerkini.
At 1982, the lake was then redeveloped by the construction of a new dam, 400 meters westwards from the old one. The eastern dike was raised to a level of 39 m a.s.l. and another dike was constructed to the same height, forming the western boundary of the lake near the village of Kerkini.
The main water provider of the lake is Struma River. Additionally, there is Kerkinitis river from Krousia that flows into the lake.
It is approximately 15 km long and its maximum width, when full, reaches 8,5 km. The water extent varies from 54 km2 to 72 km2.
Importance: Lake Kerkini is now one of, if not the, premier birding site in Greece, and, as it is situated along the migratory flyway for migratory birds en route to the Aegean Sea, the Balkan region, the Black Sea, the Hungarian steppes and beyond it experiences an interesting migration.
This wonderful biosphere hosts actually 227 kinds of birds, especially non-migrants. 76 of them are recorded in the National Red Catalogue, while at least 31 of them are protected by EEC's Directive concerning wild life. In the surrounding area, there are at least 10 amphibian species (frogs, salamanders, tritons), five snail species, 19 reptile species (lizards, snakes, turtles) and a great variety of insects which play an important part in the food chain and contribute towards the biological resources of the lake.
Wikipedia, Lake Kerkini