Geranium sanguineum Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Bloody crane's-bill, Bloody geranium [En], Géranium sanguin, Géranium rouge sang, Herbe à becquet [Fr], Bloedooievaarsbek [Nl], Blutrote Storchschnabel, Blut-Storchschnabel [De], Geranio sanguigno [It]
Agios Germanos, FLORINA ● Greece
Description: The biological form of Geranium sanguineum is hemicryptophyte, as its overwintering buds are situated just below the soil surface and the floral axis is more or less erect with a few leaves. It has a thick rhizome. The stems are prostrate to ascending, well developed, very branched and hairy. This plant reaches on average 30–50 centimetres in height. The petiolate leaves have five lobes (or segments), each segment is tripartite in large teeth. The flowers have a diameter of 2.5 to 4 cm. and are purple.
The fruit is a schizocarp that breaks up into five mericarps when ripe.
Biology: The flowering period extends from May through October. The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects (entomophily). The most common flower visitors are Syrphidae and Hymenoptera, but also butterflies and Coleoptera.
Habitat : The typical habitat of this species is grassland, sand dunes and open woodland on calcareous soils, including rocky slopes. It prefers calcareous soils with neutral pH, with low nutritional value, at an altitude of 0–1,200 metres above sea level.
Distribution: The species is native to Europe and temperate Asia. It is widespread in most of Europe up to Caucasus. In the north-east of Ireland it is a rare garden escape.
Wikipedia, Geranium sanguineum