Ophisops elegans macrodactylus Berthold 1842 ♀
Common names : Snake-eyed lizard, Field Lizard [En], Tarla Kertenkelesi, Yılan Gözlü Kertenkele [Tu], Οφίσωψ [Gr], Alinzavra, Αλιζαύρα [Tu & Gr Cypriot], Ophisops élégant [Fr]
Sigri, LESVOS ● Greece
Description: Ophisops elegans is a small lizard with a total length up to 15-16 cm. Snout-vent length usually 5.5 cm; tail about twice body length. A distinct depression is present at the anterior dorsal side of head.
The two eyelids are fused, forming a transparent capsule over the eye, similar to that of a snake.
Rostral does not contact external nares; 2 postnasals; no collars; 28-43 rows of keeled dorsal scales at mid-trunk; ventrals in 6 longitudinal rows; femoral pores between 8-12.
The dorsum is usually gray or brown with a few or more abundant and variously sized black markings, rarely no markings on dorsum; usually two dorsolateral light lines present.
Subspecies of Ophisops elegans Ménétries 1832:
• O. e. basoglui Baran & Budak 1978: Turkey
• O. e. blanfordi Schmidt 1939: Iraq, Iran, Jordan
• O. e. centralanatoliae Bodenheimer 1944: Turkey (Central, Western and Southern Anatolia)
• O. e. ehrenbergii Wiegmann 1835: South Turkey, West Syria, Lebanon, Israel, West Jordan, Egypt (North-East Sinai).
• O. e. elegans Ménétries 1832: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Eastern Turkey
• O. e. macrodactylus Berthold 1842: South-West Bulgaria, North-East Greece (including Aegean Islands), European and Western Asia Turkey.
• O. e. persicus Boulenger 1918: Iran
• O. e. schlueteri Boettger 1880: Cyprus
Biology: Diurnally feeds on insects. A female lays 2-6 eggs.
Habitat: A ground-dwelling species usually inhabiting open arid plains with sparse vegetation and rocky, soily substrates; prefers steppes. Vertical distribution to 2000 m.
Distribution: Range of the species extends from southern Balkan countries, Turkey, Aegean and Mediterranean islands, including Cyprus to SW Asia and Punjab in N India.
Atatür, M. K. & Göçmen, B., 2001. Amphibians and Reptiles of Northern Cyprus [Kuzey Kibris'in Kurbaga ve Sürüngenleri], Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Kitaplar Serisi, No. 170, Ege Üniversitesi Basimevi, Bornova-Izmir, 63 pp. ISBN 975-483-486-5.