Orchis quadripunctata, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811
Common names: Four-spotted Orchid [En], Orchis à quatre points [Fr], Vierpunkt-Knabenkraut [De], Orchide a quattro punti [It], Τετράστικτη Ορχιδέα [Gr]
Agiassos, LESVOS ● Greece
Description: It is a short plant to 25cm tall, often less; stem often rather flexuous. Basal leaves, 2-4, linear to oblong-lanceolate, unspotted, or with purplish-red spots or blotches. Flowers borne in a lax cylindrical spike, purple, pinkish or occasionally white; sepals all spreading, the petals coming together; lip oval, or rounded, 4-5mm long, with three small and rather square lobes, generally with 4 spots in the middle near the top, central lobe notched; spur slender, 10-12mm long, horizontal to downturned, slightly shorter than the ovary.
Biology: Flowering in late March-April.
Habitat: Maquis, garrigue, scrub, stony hillslopes, grassy places.
Distribution: East Mediterranean species, abundant in Greece, even in semi-mountainous regions. South Italy, Sardinia and Sicily eastwards to Cyprus, South Anatolia and the Lebanon.
Delforge P., 2005, Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, Delachaux et Niestlé.
Blaey M., Grey-Wilson C., 2005. Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, A&C Black, London.