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Orchis quadripunctata, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811

Orchis quadripunctata-Agiassos.jpg <b><i>Glebionis coronaria</i></b> var. <b><i>coronaria</i></b> (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/13/20110313124653-6d3bfd4e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Orchis quadripunctata</b></i>, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/09/20110309212000-184a79a3-th.jpg><b><i>Glebionis coronaria</i></b> var. <b><i>coronaria</i></b> (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/13/20110313124653-6d3bfd4e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Orchis quadripunctata</b></i>, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/09/20110309212000-184a79a3-th.jpg><b><i>Glebionis coronaria</i></b> var. <b><i>coronaria</i></b> (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/13/20110313124653-6d3bfd4e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Orchis quadripunctata</b></i>, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/09/20110309212000-184a79a3-th.jpg><b><i>Glebionis coronaria</i></b> var. <b><i>coronaria</i></b> (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/13/20110313124653-6d3bfd4e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Orchis quadripunctata</b></i>, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/09/20110309212000-184a79a3-th.jpg><b><i>Glebionis coronaria</i></b> var. <b><i>coronaria</i></b> (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/13/20110313124653-6d3bfd4e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Orchis quadripunctata</b></i>, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/09/20110309212000-184a79a3-th.jpg><b><i>Glebionis coronaria</i></b> var. <b><i>coronaria</i></b> (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/13/20110313124653-6d3bfd4e-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Orchis quadripunctata</b></i>, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/03/09/20110309212000-184a79a3-th.jpg>

Orchis quadripunctata, Cyrillo ex Tenore, 1811
Common names: Four-spotted Orchid [En], Orchis à quatre points [Fr], Vierpunkt-Knabenkraut [De], Orchide a quattro punti [It], Τετράστικτη Ορχιδέα [Gr]

Agiassos, LESVOS ● Greece

Description: It is a short plant to 25cm tall, often less; stem often rather flexuous. Basal leaves, 2-4, linear to oblong-lanceolate, unspotted, or with purplish-red spots or blotches. Flowers borne in a lax cylindrical spike, purple, pinkish or occasionally white; sepals all spreading, the petals coming together; lip oval, or rounded, 4-5mm long, with three small and rather square lobes, generally with 4 spots in the middle near the top, central lobe notched; spur slender, 10-12mm long, horizontal to downturned, slightly shorter than the ovary.

Biology: Flowering in late March-April.

Habitat: Maquis, garrigue, scrub, stony hillslopes, grassy places.

Distribution: East Mediterranean species, abundant in Greece, even in semi-mountainous regions. South Italy, Sardinia and Sicily eastwards to Cyprus, South Anatolia and the Lebanon.


References:
Delforge P., 2005, Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, Delachaux et Niestlé.
Blaey M., Grey-Wilson C., 2005. Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, A&C Black, London.




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